List of Shellfish (Kai)

Shellfish has been a traditional sushi topping started off with the origin of Edomae sushi. Its distinctive texture is fascinating, but the thing is, all kinds are expensive. As a sushi topping, it is placed between rich and light in flavor, and functions as a palate refresher.

The texture, flavor and fragrance differ greatly depending on the type and most people either love or hate Shellfish toppings.

A characteristic of the taste of shellfish is that it is both refreshing and rich. This is presumably due to succinic acid. It is known that if succinic acid is removed from the shellfish extract component, the umami of shellfish also disappears. However, the umami of shellfish is not due to succinic acid alone, but to the synergistic effects of amino acids such as glutamic acid, glycine, alanine, arginine, and betaine, which are present in the extract, and adenylic acid, a nucleic acid-related substance.

Kai is another topping type that has been eaten as Nigiri sushi since it was invented. Hamaguri is essentially a type of shellfish, but when in the Nigiri sushi world, it is generally lightly seared and then marinated in broth, so it is classified as Nimono.

*Japanese terms will be italicized on sushi ingredients page.

<Kai-Shell>

Agemakigai- Chinese razor clam

Akaawabi- Blacklip abalone

Akagai-Ark shell, Bloody clam (Anadara broughtonii (Schrenck, 1867))

Akaneawabi- Red abalone

Akanishi (Akanishigai)- Top shell, Rock shell, Rapa whelk (Rapana venosa (Valenciennes,1846))

Aoyagi (Bakagai)-Rediated trough-shell (Surf-clam)

Aniwabai

Asari - Japanese clam, Baby clam, Manila clam, Japanese littleneck clam (Ruditapes philippinarum (Adams and Reeve,1850))

Atsuezobora- Whelk

Awabi (Kuroawabi)-Japanese abalone

Awabimodoki (Rokogai)- Chilean abalone

Azumanishiki- Scallop

Baigai-Japanese ivory-shell

Chousenbora-whelk (Neptunea arthritica cumingii (Bernardi, 1857))

Echubai (Shirobai)-Finely-striated buccinm (Buccinum striatissimum Sowerby,1899)

Ezoawabi-Ezo-abalone (Haliotis discus subsp. hannai Ino, 1953)

Ezobora (Matsubu)-Wheck (Ezo neptune)

Himeshakogai-Boring clam

Hioogi (Hiougigai)-Noble scallop (Mimachlamys nobilis (Reeve,1852))

Hokkigai-Sakhalin surf clam, Hen-clam (Pseudocardium sachalinense (Schrenck,1862))

Hotate-Common scallop, Giant ezo-scallop, Frill, Fan-shell (Mizuhopecten yessoensis (Jay, 1857))

Ishigakigai-Bering Sea cockle

Itayagai-Japanese scailop, Frill

Iwagaki-Rock-oyster

Kaki (Magaki)-Oyster

Kagabai (Shirobai)-(Buccinum bayani Jousseaume,1883)

Kobashira-The adductor of bakagai shellfish (Rediated trough-shell)

Konakanishi-(Fusinus ferrugineus Kuroda & Habe,1961)

Kumasarubougai

Kuriiroezobora-Whelk

Kuroawabi-Japanese abalone (Haliotis discus subsp. discus)

Madakaawabi-Giant abalone (Haliotis madaka (Habe, 1977))

Megaiawabi-Disk abalone

Mirugai (Honmirugai)-Otter-shell, Keen’s gaper (Tresus keenae (Kuroda & Habe, 1950))

Nabaubagai-Surf clam

Namigai (shiromiru)-Japanese geoduck

Nihama (Hamaguri)-Common orient clam, Japanese hard clam, White clam (Meretrix lusoria (Röding, 1798))

Nakanishi-(Fusinus perplexus (A.Adams,1864))

Ooechubai (Shirobai)-(Buccinum tenuissimum Kuroda in Teramachi,1933)

Oomategai-Giant jacknife clam, Giant razor-shell

Oomizogai-Alaska razor, Dall’s razor clam

Onisazae

Osagawabai

Rokogai (Awabimodoki)-Chilean abalone, Baranacle rock-shell (Concholepas concholepas (Bruguie, 1789))

Sarubougai-Half-crenated ark, Bloody clam (Anadara kagoshimensis (Tokunaga, 1906))

Satougai-Bloody clam

Sazae-Turban shell, Spiny top-shell (Turbo (Batillus) sazae H.Fukuda, 2017)

Shirogai (Manjugai, Saragai)-Northern great tellin

Tairagi (Tairagai)-Pen-shell (Fan-shell)

Tokobushi-Tokobushi abalone (Haliotis diversicolor Reeve, 1846)

Torigai-Egg-cockle, Heart-shell (Fulvia (Fulvia) mutica (Reeve, 1844))

Tubugai (Matsubu)-Ezo-neptune, Whelk, Winckle (Neptunea polycostata Scarlato,1952)

Usuhirawabi-Greenlip abalone

Yakougai-Great green turban

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Revision date: April 13, 2024


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List of Squid (Ika) and Octopus (Tako)

The Japanese love this strong umami coming out of its creepy features. These are sushi toppings that show their presence in your mouth.

There are over 450 types of Ika (squid) in the world and over 100 types just in the seawaters around Japan. Ika is essential to Japanese cuisine and is found in many recipes for home cooking. It is a representative of ingredients for common people that is both affordable and delicious. There are also many different types of Ika used as sushi toppings, and certain Ika are used during certain seasons, each with a unique flavor.

Tako (octopus) is a popular sushi topping at every sushi restaurant. However, preparing Tako from its raw state is very labor intensive. Some restaurants boil it, while others use “Sakura-ni.” Elaborate efforts are made at the restaurant in order to prepare a topping that can be bitten through and emit a delicious fragrance. Needless to say, when prepared raw, it is thoroughly kneaded by hand. It may be struck with the crest or wooden pestle of a kitchen knife, or boiled with roasted green tea, incorporating techniques from Kansai dishes. When Tako is prepared as Sakura-ni*, it is classified as Nimono.

*”Sakura-ni” refers to stewing octopus in sake, mirin and soy sauce to soften it, turning it into a shape that resembles cherry blossom (sakura) petals.

Japanese terms will be italicized on sushi ingredients page.

<Ika/Tako-Squid/ Octopus>

Aka ikaFlying squid (Ommastrephes bartramii (Lesueur, 1821))

Amerikaoo akaikaJumbo flying squid (Dosidicus gigas (Orbigny, 1835))

Aori ika-Bigfin reef squid

Be ika-Beka squid (Loliolus (Nipponololig) beka (Sasaki,1929))

Hotaru ika-Firefly squid

Hi ika (Jindow ika)-Japanese squid (Loliolus (Nipponololigo) japonica (Hoyle, 1885))

Iidako-Ocellated octopus (Octopus ocellatus Gray, 1849)

Kaminari ika (Mongou ika)-Ocellated cuttlefish

Kensaki ika (Shiroika)-Swordtip squid (Uroteuthis (Photololigo) edulis (Hoyle,1885))

Kobusime (Kubusime)-Gaint cuttlefish、Broadclub cuttlefish (Ascarosepion latimanus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1832))

Mizudako-North-pacific giant octpus

Shin ika-Baby cuttlefish

Sode ika (Aka ika)Rhomboid squid、Diamond squid (Thysanoteuthis rhombus Troschel, 1857)

Sumi ika (Kou ika)-Cuttlefish

Surume ika-Japanese common squid

Tako (Madako)-Octopus

Yari ika-Spear squid

Yoroppa kou ikaEuropean common cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis (Linnaeus, 1758))

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Revision date: April 13, 2024


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List of Silver-skinned fish (Hikarimono)

Hikarimono (Silver-skinned fish) includes horse mackerel, mackerel, sardines, sillago, and gizzard shad, generally referred to as blue-backed fish. Hikarimono all have high-fat content. It is approximately 7% in gizzard shad and horse mackerel. It is about 16% in mackerel. The taste is heavy. Many of the fish in this category lose their freshness quickly, so the preparations differ greatly from restaurant to restaurant. They say that you can tell how well a restaurant is doing by which Hikarimono they serve. This may be why many restaurants make sure to work hard on their Hikarimono.

Tachiuo really does look like a sword from the outside, so it seems like it should be classified as Hikarimono, but it’s actually Shiromi. In the sushi restaurant sector, Hikarimono refers to sushi toppings for which Sujime is used in the preparations. Furthermore, there are chefs who classify Shima aji as Hikarimono when the silver skin is left on, and Shiromi when the skin is removed. There are many people finding it hard to eat but it is actually healthy and rich in nutritive value.

*Japanese terms will be italicized on sushi ingredients page.

<Hikarimono - Silver-skinned fish>

Akaaji

Aji (Maaji) - Japanese horse-mackerel

Ayu - Ayu

Ebodai- Japanese butterfish

Chika- Smelt (Hypomesus japonicus (Brevoort, 1856))

Gingameaji-Big-eye trevally (Caranx sexfasciatus Quoy and Gaimard,1824)

Gomasaba- Spotted mackerel (Scomber australasicus Cuvier, 1832)

Hamo -Daggertooth pike conger

Hatahata - Japanese sandfish

Iwashi - Sardine

Kaiwari - Whitefin trevally

Kamasu (Akakamasu)-Barracuda (Sphyraena pinguis Günther, 1874)

Karafutoshishamo - Capellin, Lodde (Mallotus villosus (Müller, 1776))

Kasugo (Chidai, Kidai)-Baby Red sea-bream (Crimson sea-bream, Eellowback sea-bream)

Kibinago - Banded blue-sprat (Spratelloides gracilis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846))

Kisu - Japanese whiting

Kohada - Gizzard shad

Kyuriuo - Arctic smelt (Osmerus dentex Steindachner & Kner, 1870)

Mamakari (Sappa) - Big-eye sardine (Sardinella zunasi (Bleeker, 1854))

Maruaji - Amberfish

Marukoban-Snubnose pompano (Trachinotus blochii (Lacepède,1802))

Muroaji - Amberstripe scad (Decapterus muroadsi (Temminck and Schlegel, 1844))

Nigisu - Deep-sea smelt (Glossanodon semifasciatus (Kishinouye, 1904))

Nishin - Pacific herring (Clupea pallasii Valenciennes, 1847)

Saba - Pacific mackerel

Sanma - Pacific saury

Sayori - Halfbeak

Shinko - Baby Gizzard shad

Shishamo - Smelt, Shishamo smelt (Spirinchus lanceolatus (Hikita, 1913))

Tachiuo-Largehead hairtail , Cutlassfish, Scabbardfish (Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus, 1758)

Tobiuo - Japanese flyingfish (Cypselurus agoo (Temminck and Schlegel, 1846))

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Revision date: January 10, 2023


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List of White flesh fish (Shiromi)

 

a photo of Shiromi
Because shiromi has few peculiarities, it is an ingredient that can be easily arranged in a variety of cooking methods, flavors, and combinations with ingredients.

The first item recommended to taste is white-flesh fish. Because of its subtle flavor, it doesn’t influence the following topping. Serving it for the very first piece of sushi is a standard move. However, absolute umami in the lightness can be taken as the details Japanese love and no other sushi toppings can offer.

Shiromi refers to white-colored fish meat. The fat content in Shiromi is generally low at about 1.2% in flounder and 4.7% in sea bream. Almost all white fish have a subtle and elegant taste. Furthermore, the rigor mortis takes over slowly and lasts for a long time, so it maintains the crunchy texture longer. Unlike Akami, the Shiromi fish don’t really migrate. You can call yourself a sushi expert if you’re able to recognize which fish it is just by looking at the cut.

Contrary to appearance, Salmon is classified as Shiromi. The salmon is originally grey, and the pink color comes from the pigments of the shrimp and crab on which it preys. We also think that Buri and Shima aji meat looks more beige than white. To be more specific, these are classified as Iromono, but there are relatively few chefs who actually know this term so we will refer to them as Shiromi. Once you’re able to speak knowledgeably on Shiromi, you’ll be a true Sushi Foodie.

What you should keep in mind is that most Shiromi fish used at sushi restaurants is sold as live fish. The broker implements Ikejime according to the instructions of the purchasing shop and then it is delivered. Basically, the chef calculates backward from the time he will make the sushi, aiming to maximize the umami. Furthermore, the price is at least 50% higher, considering the cost to transport from the fishing port to Toyosu Market, etc. This is one of the reasons Shiromi is so expensive at sushi restaurants.

Of course, only white fish that can be used for nigiri sushi is listed. Many varieties of Fugu exist, but with the exception of Torafugu (Japanese puffer fish), they are mainly used in conveyor belt sushi.

*Japanese terms will be italicized on sushi ingredients page. Parentheses after the English name indicate the scientific name.

<Shiromi-White flesh fish>

Aburabouzu-Skilfish

Aburagarei-Kamchatka flounder, Arrow-toothed halibut

Aigo-Mottled spinefoot (Siganus fuscescens (Houttuyn, 1782))

Ainame-Green ling (Hexagrammos otakii Jordan & Starks, 1895)

Akahata-Blacktip grouper

Akaisaki-Schlegel red bass (Caprodon schlegelii (Günther, 1859))

Akakasago-Red deepwater scorpionfish

Akamanbo (Mandai)-Sunfish (Lampris megalopsis Underkoffler, Luers, Hyde and Craig, 2018)

Akamebaru-Rockfish (Sebastes inermis Cuvier,1829)

Akamefugu-Globefish, Blowfish, Puffer

Akamekasago-Yellowbarred red rockfish

Akauo (Arasukamenuke)-Pacific ocean perch (Sebastes alutus (Gilbert, 1890))

Akayagara-Redcornetfish (Fistularia petimba Lacepède, 1803)

Akodai-Matsubara’s red rockfish

Aodai-Blue fusilier

Aoyagara-Bluespotted cornetfish (Fistularia commersonii Rüppell, 1838)

Amadai-Horsehead tilefish

Amemasu-White spotted Char (Salvelinus leucomaenis (Pallas, 1814))

Amerikanamazu-Channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus (Rafinesque, 1818))

Ara-Rock-cod

Arotsunasu-Slender tuna (Allothunnus fallaii Serventy, 1948)

Ayamekasago-Yellowbarred red rockfish (Sebastiscus albofasciatus (Lacepède,1802))

Ayu-Sweetfish (Plecoglossus altivelis altivelis (Temminck and Schlegel, 1846))

Azukihata-Slender grouper

Bebizake-Red salmon

Biwamasu-Biwa trout

Bora-Flathead gray mullet

Budai-Japanese parrotfish (Calotomus japonicus (Valenciennes, 1840))

Burakkubasu (Ookuchibasu)-Black bass (Micropterus salmoides (Lacepède,1802))

Buri-Japanese amberjack

Chairomaruhata-Orange spotted grouper

Chikamekintoki-Longfinned bullseye (Cookeolus japonicus (Cuvier, 1829))

Chousenbakama-Banjofish (Banjos banjos banjos (Richardson, 1846))

Comonfugu-Globefish, Blowfish, Puffer

Ebotai (Ibodai)-Butterfish, Pacific rudderfish, Melon seed (Psenopsis anomala (Temminck and Schlegel, 1844))

Ebisudai-Japanese soldierfish

Engawa-Thin muscle of the dorsal fin of Japanese flounder, Marbled sole, etc.

Ezo Iwana-White-spotted Char (Salvelinus leucomaenis (Pallas, 1814))

Fedai -Red snapper, Starsnapper

Fugu (Torafugu)-Globefish, Blowfish, Puffer

Ginhirasu-Silver warehou (Seriolella punctata (Forster, 1801))

Ginmutus (Mazeranainame)-Mero, Patagonian toothfish (Dissostichus eleginoides Smith)

Ginmutus (Raigyodamashi)-Mero, Antarctic toothfish (Dissostichus mawsoni Norman)

Ginzake-Silver salmon

Gogi-(Salvelinus leucomaenis imbrius (Jordan and McGregor,1925))

Gomafugu-Globefish, Blowfish, Puffer

Hachibiki-Japanese rubyfish (Erythrocles schlegelii (Richardson, 1846))

Hakkaku (Tokubire)-Sailfin poacher (Podothecus sachi (Jordan and Snyder, 1901))

Hakofugu-Black-spotted boxfish

Hamadai (Onaga)-Deepwater longtail red snapper

Hamafuefukidai (Taman)-Spangled emperor

Harisenbon-Longspined porcupinefish

Hedai-Goldlined seabream (Rhabdosargus sarba (Forsskål, 1775))

Higanfugu-Globefish, Blowfish, Puffer

Higesoridai-Short barbeled velvetchin (Hapalogenys nigripinnis (Schlegel in Temminck and Schlegel,1843))

Himedai-Lavender jobfish

Hiramasa-Amberjack

Hirame-Japanese flounder (Olive flounder)

Hirasuzuki-Blackfin seabass (Lateolabrax latus Katayama, 1957)

Hitozuraharisenbon-Black-blotched porcupinefish

Hoki-Blue haki, Blue grenadier, Whiptail (Macruronus novaezelandiae (Hector, 1871))

Hokke-Okhotsk atka mackerel

Hoshigarei-Spotted halibut (Verasper variegatus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846))

Houbou-Bluefin searobin, Red gurnard (Chelidonichthys spinosus (McClelland, 1844))

Houkihata-Broom grouper

Ibarahige-Pacific grenadier (Coryphaenoides acrolepis (Bean, 1884))

Ikanago-Pacific sand lance

Inada-Japanese amberjack (30〜40cm)

Ira-Wrasse, Tuskfish (Choerodon azurio (Jordan and Snyder, 1901))

Isaki-Striped pigfish

Ishidai-Barred knifejaw (Oplegnathus fasciatus (Temminck and Schlegel,1844))

Ishigakidai-Spotted knifejaw (Oplegnathus punctatus (Temminck and Schlegel, 1844))

Ishigakifugu-Spotfin burrfish

Ishigarei-Stone flounder (Platichthys bicoloratus (Basilewsky,1855))

Ishimochi (Shiroguchi)-Sliver croaker (Pennahia argentata (Houttuyn,1782 ))

Isuzumi-Waigeu drummer (Kyphosus vaigiensis (Quoy and Gaimard))

Itou-Sakhalin taimen (Hucho perryi (Brevoort, 1856))

Itoyoridai-Golden threadfin bream (Nemipterus virgatus (Houttuyn, 1782))

Izukasago-Scorpionfish (Scorpaena neglecta Temminck and Schlegel,1843)

Izumidai (Chika)-Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus,1766))

Kagamidai (Ginmatou)-John dorey, Mirror dory (Zenopsis nebulosa (Temminck and Schlegel, 1846))

Kagokakidai-Footballer

Kaiwari-Whitefin trevally, Horse kingfish (Kaiwarinus equula (Temminck and Schlegel, 1844))

Kajika-Japanese sculpin

Kanafugu-Smooth Blaasop

Kanagashira-Searobin (Lepidotrigla microptera Günther, 1873)

Kanpachi-Greater amberjack

Karafutomasu-Pink salmon

Karasu (Gatoro)-(Takifugu chinensis (Abe, 1949))

Karasugarei-Greenland halibut

Kasago-Marbled rockfish (Sebastiscus marmoratus (Cuvier, 1829))

Kawahagi-Filefish (Stephanolepis cirrhifer (Temminck & Schlegel, 1850))

Keiji-Chum salmon, Dog salmon, Keta salmon

Kichinu (Kibire)-Yellowfin sea-bream

Kidai (Renkodai)-Yellowback seabream (Dentex hypselosomus Bleeker, 1854)

Kijihata (Akou)-Redspotted Grouper

Kingklip-Pink cusk-eel (Genypterus blacodes  (Forster, 1801))

Kinki (Kichiji)-Thornhead (Sebastolobus macrochir (Günther, 1877))

Kinmedai-Splendid alfonsino (Beryx splendens Lowe,1834)

Kintokidai-Red bigeye (Priacanthus macracanthus Cuvier,1829)

Kitenhata-Duskytail grouper

Kitsunemebaru (Mazoi)-Fox jacopever (Sebastes vulpes Döderlein, 1884)

Kobudai-Bulgyhead wrasse (Semicossyphus reticulatus (Valenciennes, 1839))

Kochi (Magochi)-Bartail flathead (Platycephalus sp.2)

Korodai-Painted sweetlip (Diagramma picta (Thunberg,1792))

Koshodai-Crescent sweetlips (Plectorhinchus cinctus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843))

Kue-Longtooth grouper (Epinephelus bruneus Bloch, 1793)

Kurodai (Chinu)-Blackhead seabream

Kuromebaru-Brown rockfish (Sebastes ventricosus Temminck and Schlegel,1843)

Kuromejina-Smallscale blackfish (Girella leonina (Richardson,1846))

Kurosabafugu-Dark rough-backed puffer

Kurosoi-Black rockfish, Schlegel’s rockfish (Sebastes schlegelii Hilgendorf, 1880)

Kurumadai-Japanese bigeye (Pristigenys niphonia (Cuvier,1829))

Kusafugu-Globefish, Blowfish, Puffer

Kyuusen-Wrasse

Ohyô-Pacific halibut (Hippoglossus stenolepis Schmidt, 1904)

Ojisan-Manybar goatfish (Parupeneus multifasciatus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825))

Okinamejina- (Girella mezina Jordan & Starks, 1907)

Mafugu-Globefish, Blowfish, Puffer

Mahata (Hata)-Grouper, Rock-cod, Seven band grouper (Hyporthodus septemfasciatus (Thunberg 1793))

Mahaze-Spiny goby, Yellowfin goby (Acanthogobius flavimanus (Temminck and Schlegel, 1845))

Mahi-mahi (Shiira)-Common dolphinfish

Makogarei-Marbled sole

Managatsuo-Silver pomfret (Pampus punctatissimus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1845))

Masunosuke-King salmon (Oncorhynchus tschawytscha (Walbaum, 1792))

Matoudai-John dory (Zeus faber Linnaeus, 1758)

Matsukawagarei (Matsukawa)-Barfin flounder (Verasper moseri Jordan & Gilbert, 1898)

Mebaru-Rockfish

Medai-Japanese butterfish

Meganemochinouo-Humphead wrasse (Cheilinus undulatus Rüppell, 1835)

Megochi-Bigeyed flathead

Mehikari-Bigeyed greeneye (Chlorophthalmus albatrossis Jordan & Starks, 1904)

Meichidai-Nakedhead (Gymnocranius griseus (Temminck and Schlegel, 1844))

Meitagarei-Finespotted flounder, Ridged-eye flounder

Mejika-Chum salmon, Dog salmon, Keta salmon

Mejina-Largescale blackish, Greeenfish, Nibbler, Rudderfish (Girella punctata Gray, 1835)

Merurusa (New Zealand heiku)-Southern haku, Haku, whiting (Merluccius australis  (Hutton, 1872))

MinokasagoButterfly fish,  Lion fish (Pterois lunulata Temminck and Schlegel,  1844)

Mishimaokoze-Japanese stargazer (Uranoscopus japonicus Houttuyn, 1782)

Mutsu-Japanese bluefish

Nametagarei (Babagarei)-Slime flounder

Nashifugu-Purple puffer

Nezumifugu-Spot-fin porcupinefish

Nezumigochi (Megochi)-Richardson’s dragonet

Nibe-Honnibe croaker (Nibea mitsukurii (Jordan and Snyder, 1900))

Nijimasu-Rainbow trout

Nikko Iwana-(Salvelinus leucomaenis pluvius (Hilgendorf, 1876))

Nizadai-Scalpel sawtail (Prionurus scalprum Valenciennes, 1835)

Nodoguro (Akamutsu)-Blackthroat seaperch

Ohyo- Halibut

Ojisan- Manybar goatfish

Okimebaru- Goldeye rockfish

Okoze (Oniokoze)-Devil stinger (Inimicus japonicus (Cuvier, 1829))

Oomehata-Silvergray seaperch (Malakichthys griseus Döderlein,1883)

Oomematoudai-(Allocyttus verrucosus (Gilchrist,1906))

Oonibe-Japanese meagre (Argyrosomus japonicus (Temminck and Schlegel, 1844))

Peherei-(Odontesthes bonariensis (Valenciennes, 1835))

Sake -Salmon

Sakuramasu -Cherry salmon (Oncorhynchus masou subsp. masou)

Salmon trout -(Artificially created rainbow trout varieties)

Samegarei -Roughscale sole

Sawara-Japanese spanish mackerel (Scomberomorus niphonius (Cuvier, 1832))

Sennen-Enperor red snapper

Setodai-Broadbanded velvetchin (Hapalogenys analis Richardson, 1845)

Shiira-Common dolphinfish (Coryphaena hippurus Linnaeus, 1758)

Shima aji-Crevalle jack (Trevally)

Shimafugu-Striped puffer

Shimaisaki-Sharpbeak terapon (Rhynchopelates oxyrhynchus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1842))

Shinshu salmon-(A crossbreed between a male brown trout and a female rainbow trout)

Shirasu-Whitebait

Shirohirasu-White warehou (Seriolella caerulea Guichenot, 1848)

Shirokurabera (Makubu)-Blackspot tuskfish

Shiromebaru-Rockfish (Sebastes cheni Barsukov,1988)

Shirosabafugu (Sabafugu)-Half-smooth golden pufferfish

Shirosuzuki -Nile perch (Lates niloticus (Linnaeus))

Shirozake (Shake)-Chum salmon

Shosaifugu-Globefish, Blowfish, Puffer

Sokoitoyoridai-Yellowbelly threadfin bream (Nemipterus bathybius Snyder, 1911)

Sugi-Cobia (Rachycentron canadum (Linnaeus, 1766))

Sujiara-Leopard coralgrouper

Suzuki-Japanese seaperch

Suzumedai-Pearl-spot chromis (Chromis notatus notatus (Temminck and Schlegel))

Tai (Madai)-Red seabream (Pagrus major (Temminck and Schlegel, 1844))

Taiseiyosake-Atlantic salmon

Takanohadai-Spottedtail morwong (Cheilodactylus zonatus Cuvier, 1830)

Takasago (Gurukun)-Black-tip fusilier (Pterocaesio digramma (Bleeker, 1864))

TamagashiraMonocle-bream,  Redbelt monocle-bream (Parascolopsis inermis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843))

Tamameichi-Blacknape large-eye bream (Gymnocranius satoi Brosa, Béarez, Paijo and Chen, 2013)

Tara (Madara)-Pacific cod (Gadus macrocephalus Tilesius, 1810)

Tengudai-Striped boarfish (Evistias acutirostris (Temminck and Schlegel, 1844))

Tobinumeri-(Repomucenus beniteguri (Jordan and Snyder, 1900))

Tokishiazu (Toki)-Chum salmon, Dog salmon, Keta salmon

Torafugu-Japanese pufferfish (Takifugu rubripes (Temminck and Schlegel, 1850))

Toujin-Hardhead grenadier (Coelorinchus japonicus (Temminck and Schlegel, 1846))

Tsumuburi-Rainbow runner

Ukkarikasago- (Sebastiscus tertius Barsukov and Chen, 1978)

Umazurahagi-Leatherfish (Thamnaconus modestus (Gunther,1877))

Umeiro-Yellowtail blue snapper

Umeiromodoki-Yellow and blueback fusilier

Usubahagi-Unicorn leatherjacket filefish (Semicossyphus reticulatus (Valenciennes, 1839))

Usumebaru-Goldeye rockfish (Sebastes thompsoni (Jordan and Hubbs, 1925))

Utsubo-Brutal moray (Gymnothorax kidako (Temminck and Schlegel, 1847))

Wanigochi-Bartail flathead (Inegocia ochiaii Imamura, 2010)

Yaitohata-Malabar grouper (Epinephelus malabaricus (Bloch and Schneider,1801))

Yamato Iwana(Salvelinus leucomaenis japonicus (Oshima, 1938))

Yanagi-no-mai-Yellow body rockfish

Yarinumeri-(Repomucenus huguenini (Bleeker, 1859))

Yokosujifuedai-Brownstripe red snapper (Lutjanus ophuysenii (Bleeker, 1860))

Yoritofugu-Blunthead puffer

Yoroiitatiuo (Higedara)-Armoured cusk

YukatahataCoral hind  (Cephalopholis miniata (Forsskål, 1775))

Yumekasago-Scorpionfish (Helicolenus hilgendorfi (Steindachner and Döderlein, 1884))

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Revision date: April 23, 2024


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List of Red flesh fish (Akami)

Akami generally refers to red-colored meat like beef and fish meat. The typical Akami fish are tuna and bonito. Its fatty and rich taste gives you satisfaction like “This is the sushi”. The meat gets its red color from the high hemoglobin and myoglobin content specific to migratory fish. At a sushi restaurant, when you order Akami, you will be served tuna. The word Akami exists for tuna.

*Japanese terms will be italicized on sushi ingredients page.

<Akami-Red flesh fish>

Basho kajiki-Indo pacific sailfish (Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792))

Binnaga maguro-Albacore (Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre, 1788))

Gasutoro-Butterfly kingfish (Gasterochisma melampus Richardson,1845)

Hagatuo-Striped bonito (Sarda orientalis (Temminck and Schlegel, 1844))

Hirasouda-Frigate tuna (Auxis thazard thazard (Lacepède, 1800))

Hosogatsuo (Arotsunasu)-Slender tuna (Allothunnus fallaii Serventy, 1948)

Iso maguro-Dogtooth tuna, Scaleless tuna (Gymnosarda unicolor (Rüppell, 1838))

Katsuo-Bonito (Oceanic bonito, Striped tuna)

Kihada maguro-Yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre, 1788))

Kosinaga maguro- Longtail tuna (Thunnus tonggol (Bleeker, 1851))

Kurokawa kajiki (Kuro kajiki)-Indo pacific Blue marlin (Makaira nigricans Lacepède, 1802)

Maguro (Kuromaguro, Honmaguro, Shibi)-Bluefin tuna (Thunnus orientalis (Temminck and Schlegel,1844))

Makajiki-Striped marlin (Kajikia audax (Philippi, 1887))

Mebachi maguro-Bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus (Lowe, 1839))

Mejimaguro (Meji)-Young bluefin tuna (Thunnus orientalis (Temminck and Schlegel,1844))

Mekajiki-Swordfish (Xiphias gladius Linnaeus, 1758)

Minami maguro (Indo maguro)-Southernbluefin tuna (Thunnus maccoyii (Castelnau, 1872))

Shirokawa kajiki (Shiro kajiki)-Black marlin (Istiompax indica (Cuvier, 1832))

Suma (Yaito-gatsuo)-Wavyback skipjack, Eastern little tuna (Euthynnus affinis (Cantor, 1849))

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Revision date: April 15, 2023


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