Notes for visitors to the observation area at the Tsukiji wholesale fish market? (2017-2018)

We really don’t understand but there is a regulation, that taking photos is prohibited at a seafood wholesale market. And its visiting hours have recently changed from 10am11am) started from 15 June, 2018.

Even though cameras are forbidden as a rule, if you ask intermediate wholesalers for permission, they will gladly let you take pictures. It doesn’t seem quite right to me to have such a rule, as if it were an art museum.

We would like to thank all the intermediate wholesalers who willingly accepted me for shootings at their shops. We are praying you will carry on more thriving business.

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Revision date: May 23, 2018

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Relax and Enjoy under Cherry Blossoms off the Beaten Path!

More and more visitors from overseas are making a point of timing trips to Tokyo during the cherry blossom season. Guidebook in their hands, they head to Meguro River, Ueno Park, Sumida River, Chidorigafuchi Park, or another popular spot. It goes without saying that the blossoms are beautiful in all of these locations.

However, to be frank, there are so many people sometimes it’s hard to tell if you’re there to see blossoms or to see crowds. If you’re visiting Japan and you’d like to really experience cherry blossoms, we recommend Shakujii River.

Around 1000 trees bloom on both sides of the river and there are very few people, making it perfect for enjoying cherry blossoms on a stroll. There are actually more cherry blossoms here than on Meguro River or at Ueno Park.

After enjoying the scenery, stop by Makitazushi, established in 1972. Entering this flagship shop of Nakaitabashi is like stepping back in time to the Showa era (1926-1989). Make sure to splurge and order the special sushi selection for JPY 3100.

Location : A few minutes walk from Nakaitabashi Station on the Tobu Tojo Line

Cherry Blossom Season : March 20 – March 31

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Revision date: March 25, 2024

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List of Seaweed roll (Makimono)

This refers to Norimaki, originating from Kanpyo maki. Now the core of Norimaki may be made from a number of different ingredients, but the most important part of Norimaki is not the ingredients inside, but the Nori (seaweed). There is a tendency for foreigners to dislike black-colored food, but Nori has a fresh sea scent, and a high amino acid and umami content, so it’s worth a second look.

The Nori used in Norimaki and Gunkan-maki is essential to Edomae sushi. The Nori used in sushi absolutely must have good fragrance and crispiness, melt in your mouth and have the right coloring. The combination of selecting the quality and source site of Nori and using different Nori according to the sushi topping is one of the things sushi chefs are particular about. During the Edo era, the sea near the area that is now Omori in Tokyo was the largest production site of Nori. However, with the reclaiming of Tokyo Bay, Nori can no longer be caught in Omori. Now, places like the Ariake Sea, Seto Inland Sea and Tokyo Bay are famous for producing high-quality Nori.

*Japanese terms will be italicized on sushi ingredients page.

<Norimaki-Seaweed roll>

Anakyu maki-Gizzard shad and Cucumber roll

Himokyu maki-Mantle of ark shell and Cucumber roll

kanpyo maki-Sweet-simmered kanpyo (dried gourd strip) roll

Kappa maki-Cucumber roll

Kohada maki-Gizzard shad roll

Namida maki-Vinegared rice and thin strips of Wasabi rolled in seaweed

Negitoro maki-Green onion and toro roll

Shinko maki-Pickled radish and shiso plant roll

Takuwan maki-Pickled radish roll

Tekka maki-Norimaki sushi roll with red tuna and grated wasabi at the core

Torotaku maki-Toro and Pickled radish roll

Umeshiso maki-Pickled ume and shiso plant roll

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Revision date: October 15, 2020

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List of Nimono, Gyoran and Others

There are only high rank toppings such as rich tasting sea urchin (Uni), salmon roe (Ikura) and herring roe (Kazunoko). All different from other sushi toppings when it comes to a texture and flavor. A lot of them have become widespread ever since the technique of gunkan style sushi was established after the war. There are also sushi toppings made from other than fish and shellfish.

*Japanese terms will be italicized on sushi ingredients page.


Akauni-Red sea urchin

Anago-Japanese conger

Bafununi-Short-spined sea uruchin (Green sea urchin)

Caviar-Beluga roe

Dainananago-(Conger erebennus (Jordan & Snyder, 1901))

Ezobafununi-Short-spined sea urchin

Fukahire-Estuary shark

Ginanago-Conger eel

Hamo-Daggertooth pike conger (Muraenesox cinereus (Forsskål, 1775))

Hoya-Sea squirt (Halocynthia roretzi (Drasche, 1884))

Ikura-Salmon roe

IrakoanagoKaup’s arrowtooth eel (Synaphobranchus kaupii Johnson, 1862)

Karafutoshishamo-Capellin roe

Kazunoko-Herring roe

Kitamurasakiuni-Northern sea urchin

Komai-no-ko-Saffron cod roe

Komochikonbu-Herring spawn on kelp

Kuroanago-Beach conger

Kuronutaunagi-Brown hagfish (Paramyxine atami Dean, 1904)

Madachi-Pacific cod milt

Madarako-Pollack roe

Maruanago-Punctuated snake-eel (Ophichthus remiger (Valenciennes, 1837))

Menegi-Young Green Onion Shoots

Murasakiuni-Purple sea urchin

Muruanago (Anguilla)- Punctuated snake-eel (Ophichthus remiger (Valenciennes, 1837))

Namako-Sea cucumber

Niseginanago-(Gnathophis nystromi (Asano))

Noresore-Young Japanese conger, etc.

Nutaunagi-Inshore hagfish (Eptatretus burgeri (Girard, 1855))

Oboro-Flavored ground prawns and white fish

Okianago-Bigmouth conger

Ranpufisshu-Lumpfish (Cyclopterus lumpus)

Shiitake-Shiitake mushroom

Shirako-Globefish testis

Shirahigeuni-White spin sea urchin

Sirauo-Icefish (Salangichthys microdon (Bleeker, 1860))

Tako-no-ko-Chestnut octopus roe or North pacific giant octopus roe

Tamago-Egg omelet

Tarako-Cod roe

Tobiko-flying fish roe

Unagi-Japanese eel, freshwater eel (Anguilla japonica Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)

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Revision date: May 17, 2024

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List of Prawn (Ebi) and Crab (Kani)

Crustaceans like shrimp and crab are sushi toppings overflowing with their distinctive sweetness.

Except for Kuruma ebi, Ebi and Kani (shrimp and crab) were introduced as sushi toppings after WWII. The sweetness of shrimp is stronger when eaten raw. There is still a sweetness remaining in boiled shrimp, but it’s weaker. Instead, the umami gets stronger and the texture is also completely different than when served raw. When boiled the fiber is more apparent and it can be bitten clear through. Kuruma ebi is one of the traditional sushi toppings of the Edo period.

The umami of shrimp is sweeter than that of crab. The sweetness comes from the amino acids contained in the extract: glycine, arginine, alanine, propurine, and betaine. In particular, Kurumaebi and amaebi are particularly rich in glycine. On the other hand, umami is related to ATP decomposition-related substances.

a painting of Matsu no sushi
This painting depicts “Matsu no Sushi,” which was famous as the most extravagant sushi in Edo. A child is begging for shrimp sushi.

Crab wasn’t originally an Edomae sushi topping. However, there is a special sweetness that oozes from the gaps in the fibrous body. The umami of crab is the amino acids in the extract component. Among crabs, hairy crabs have the most amino acids, while those of snow crabs, a high-end winter delicacy, are less abundant than those of hairy crabs, and therefore less rich in flavor. Nucleic acid-related substances are mainly CMP, but ATP-degrading substances such as AMP and inosinic acid are also involved in the umami taste. The main component of sweetness is glycine betaine, a sugar alcohol-based component.

*Japanese terms will be italicized on sushi ingredients page.


Aburagani-Blue king crab (Paralithodes platypus (Brandi,1850))

Aka ebi-Argentine Red Shrimp

Ama ebi-Deepwater prawn (Deepwater shrimp, Pink prawn)

BenizuwaiganiRed snow crab, Red tanner crab (Chionoecetes japonicus Rathbun, 1932)

Black tiger (Ushi ebi)-Black tiger

Botan ebi-Botan shrimp (Pink prawn, Pink shrimp)

Botan ebi-Spot prawn

Budou ebi-Grape shrimp

Gasa ebi-Argis lar

Gazami (Watarigani)-Blue swimming crab (Portunus (Portunus) trituberculatus (Miers.1876))

Hanasakigani-Hanasaki crab (Paralithodes brevipes (H. Milne-Edwards & Lucas, 1841))

Hime ama ebi- (Plesionika semilaevis Bate,1888)

Ibaramo ebi (Oni ebi)-Spiny Lebbeid

Ise ebi-Japanese spiny lobster

Jinken ebi-Golden shrimp

Kegani-Horsehair crab (Korean crab, Kegani crab)

Kuma ebi (Ashiaka ebi)

Kurigani-Helmet crab (Telmessus cheiragonus (Tilesius, 1812) )

Kuruma ebi-Kuruma prawn (Gadus macrocephalus Tilesius, 1810)

Sakura ebi-Sakura shrimp

Shako-Squilla (Mantis shrimp, Edible mantis shrimp)

Shiba ebi-Shiba shrimp (Metapenaeus joyneri (Miers.1880))

Shima ebi-Morotoge shrimp

Shiro ebi (Shira ebi)-Japanese glass shrimp

Takaashigani-Japanese giant crab (Macrocheria kaempferi (Temminck,1836))

Tarabagani-King crab (Alaska king crab, Red king crab)

Toyama ebi (Botan ebi)-Hamupback shrimp

Uchidazarigani-Signal crayfish (Pacifastacus trowbridgii (Stimpson,1857))

Uchiwa ebi-Sand crayfish, Flathead lobster, Balmain bug, Slipper lobster

Zuwaigani-Snow crab (Queen crab, Zuwai-crab)

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Revision date: April 22, 2024

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List of Shellfish (Kai)

Shellfish has been a traditional sushi topping started off with the origin of Edomae sushi. Its distinctive texture is fascinating, but the thing is, all kinds are expensive. As a sushi topping, it is placed between rich and light in flavor, and functions as a palate refresher.

The texture, flavor and fragrance differ greatly depending on the type and most people either love or hate Shellfish toppings.

A characteristic of the taste of shellfish is that it is both refreshing and rich. This is presumably due to succinic acid. It is known that if succinic acid is removed from the shellfish extract component, the umami of shellfish also disappears. However, the umami of shellfish is not due to succinic acid alone, but to the synergistic effects of amino acids such as glutamic acid, glycine, alanine, arginine, and betaine, which are present in the extract, and adenylic acid, a nucleic acid-related substance.

Kai is another topping type that has been eaten as Nigiri sushi since it was invented. Hamaguri is essentially a type of shellfish, but when in the Nigiri sushi world, it is generally lightly seared and then marinated in broth, so it is classified as Nimono.

*Japanese terms will be italicized on sushi ingredients page.


Agemakigai- Chinese razor clam

Akaawabi- Blacklip abalone

Akoyagai-Japanese pearl-oyster (Pinctada martensi (Dunker, 1880))

Akagai-Ark shell, Bloody clam (Anadara broughtonii (Schrenck, 1867))

Akaneawabi- Red abalone

Akanishi (Akanishigai)- Top shell, Rock shell, Rapa whelk (Rapana venosa (Valenciennes,1846))

Aoyagi (Bakagai)-Rediated trough-shell (Surf-clam)


Asari - Japanese clam, Baby clam, Manila clam, Japanese littleneck clam (Ruditapes philippinarum (Adams and Reeve,1850))

Atsuezobora- Whelk

Awabi (Kuroawabi)-Japanese abalone

Awabimodoki (Rokogai)- Chilean abalone

Azumanishiki- Scallop

Baigai-Japanese ivory-shell

Chousenbora-whelk (Neptunea arthritica cumingii (Bernardi, 1857))

Echubai (Shirobai)-Finely-striated buccinm (Buccinum striatissimum Sowerby,1899)

Ezoawabi-Ezo-abalone (Haliotis discus subsp. hannai Ino, 1953)

Ezobora (Matsubu)-Wheck (Ezo neptune)

Himeshakogai-Boring clam

Hioogi (Hiougigai)-Noble scallop (Mimachlamys nobilis (Reeve,1852))

Hokkigai-Sakhalin surf clam, Hen-clam (Pseudocardium sachalinense (Schrenck,1862))

Hotate-Common scallop, Giant ezo-scallop, Frill, Fan-shell (Mizuhopecten yessoensis (Jay, 1857))

Ishigakigai-Bering Sea cockle

Itayagai-Japanese scailop, Frill


Kaki (Magaki)-Oyster

Kagabai (Shirobai)-(Buccinum bayani Jousseaume,1883)

Kobashira-The adductor of bakagai shellfish (Rediated trough-shell)

Konakanishi-(Fusinus ferrugineus Kuroda & Habe,1961)



Kuroawabi-Japanese abalone (Haliotis discus subsp. discus)

Madakaawabi-Giant abalone (Haliotis madaka (Habe, 1977))

Megaiawabi-Disk abalone

Mirugai (Honmirugai)-Otter-shell, Keen’s gaper (Tresus keenae (Kuroda & Habe, 1950))

Nabaubagai-Surf clam

Namigai (shiromiru)-Japanese geoduck

Nihama (Hamaguri)-Common orient clam, Japanese hard clam, White clam (Meretrix lusoria (Röding, 1798))

Nakanishi-(Fusinus perplexus (A.Adams,1864))

Ooechubai (Shirobai)-(Buccinum tenuissimum Kuroda in Teramachi,1933)

Oomategai-Giant jacknife clam, Giant razor-shell

Oomizogai-Alaska razor, Dall’s razor clam



Rokogai (Awabimodoki)-Chilean abalone, Baranacle rock-shell (Concholepas concholepas (Bruguie, 1789))

Sarubougai-Half-crenated ark, Bloody clam (Anadara kagoshimensis (Tokunaga, 1906))

Satougai-Bloody clam

Sazae-Turban shell, Spiny top-shell (Turbo (Batillus) sazae H.Fukuda, 2017)

Shirogai (Manjugai, Saragai)-Northern great tellin

Tairagi (Tairagai)-Pen-shell (Fan-shell)

Tokobushi-Tokobushi abalone (Haliotis diversicolor Reeve, 1846)

Torigai-Egg-cockle, Heart-shell (Fulvia (Fulvia) mutica (Reeve, 1844))

Tubugai (Matsubu)-Ezo-neptune, Whelk, Winckle (Neptunea polycostata Scarlato,1952)

Usuhirawabi-Greenlip abalone

Yakougai-Great green turban

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Revision date: April 30, 2024

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List of Squid (Ika) and Octopus (Tako)

The Japanese love this strong umami coming out of its creepy features. These are sushi toppings that show their presence in your mouth.

There are over 450 types of Ika (squid) in the world and over 100 types just in the seawaters around Japan. Ika is essential to Japanese cuisine and is found in many recipes for home cooking. It is a representative of ingredients for common people that is both affordable and delicious. There are also many different types of Ika used as sushi toppings, and certain Ika are used during certain seasons, each with a unique flavor.

Tako (octopus) is a popular sushi topping at every sushi restaurant. However, preparing Tako from its raw state is very labor intensive. Some restaurants boil it, while others use “Sakura-ni.” Elaborate efforts are made at the restaurant in order to prepare a topping that can be bitten through and emit a delicious fragrance. Needless to say, when prepared raw, it is thoroughly kneaded by hand. It may be struck with the crest or wooden pestle of a kitchen knife, or boiled with roasted green tea, incorporating techniques from Kansai dishes. When Tako is prepared as Sakura-ni*, it is classified as Nimono.

*”Sakura-ni” refers to stewing octopus in sake, mirin and soy sauce to soften it, turning it into a shape that resembles cherry blossom (sakura) petals.

Japanese terms will be italicized on sushi ingredients page.

<Ika/Tako-Squid/ Octopus>

Aka ikaFlying squid (Ommastrephes bartramii (Lesueur, 1821))

Amerikaoo akaikaJumbo flying squid (Dosidicus gigas (Orbigny, 1835))

Aori ika-Bigfin reef squid

Be ika-Beka squid (Loliolus (Nipponololig) beka (Sasaki,1929))

Hotaru ika-Firefly squid

Hi ika (Jindow ika)-Japanese squid (Loliolus (Nipponololigo) japonica (Hoyle, 1885))

Iidako-Ocellated octopus (Octopus ocellatus Gray, 1849)

Kaminari ika (Mongou ika)-Ocellated cuttlefish

Kensaki ika (Shiroika)-Swordtip squid (Uroteuthis (Photololigo) edulis (Hoyle,1885))

Kobusime (Kubusime)-Gaint cuttlefish、Broadclub cuttlefish (Ascarosepion latimanus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1832))

Mizudako-North-pacific giant octpus

Shin ika-Baby cuttlefish

Sode ika (Aka ika)Rhomboid squid、Diamond squid (Thysanoteuthis rhombus Troschel, 1857)

Sumi ika (Kou ika)-Cuttlefish

Surume ika-Japanese common squid

Tako (Madako)-Octopus

Yari ika-Spear squid

Yoroppa kou ikaEuropean common cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis (Linnaeus, 1758))

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Revision date: April 13, 2024

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List of Silver-skinned fish (Hikarimono)

A photo of Hikarimono
Hikarimono is a name unique to the sushi industry, and as the name implies, it refers to fish with shiny surface skin.

Hikarimono (Silver-skinned fish) includes horse mackerel, mackerel, sardines, sillago, and gizzard shad, generally referred to as blue-backed fish. Hikarimono all have high-fat content. It is approximately 7% in gizzard shad and horse mackerel. It is about 16% in mackerel. The taste is heavy. Many of the fish in this category lose their freshness quickly, so the preparations differ greatly from restaurant to restaurant. They say that you can tell how well a restaurant is doing by which Hikarimono they serve. This may be why many restaurants make sure to work hard on their Hikarimono.

Tachiuo really does look like a sword from the outside, so it seems like it should be classified as Hikarimono, but it’s actually Shiromi. In the sushi restaurant sector, Hikarimono refers to sushi toppings for which Sujime is used in the preparations. Furthermore, there are chefs who classify Shima aji as Hikarimono when the silver skin is left on, and Shiromi when the skin is removed. There are many people finding it hard to eat but it is actually healthy and rich in nutritive value.

*Japanese terms will be italicized on sushi ingredients page.

<Hikarimono - Silver-skinned fish>

Aiburi-Blackbanded trevally (Seriolina nigrofasciata (Rüppell, 1829))

Aji (Maaji) - Japanese horse-mackerel

Akaaji-(Decapterus akaadsi Abe,1958)

Aogisu-Small-scale sillago (Sillago parvisquamis Gill, 1861)

Ayu - Ayu (Plecoglossus altivelis altivelis (Temminck and Schlegel, 1846))

Burimodoki-Pilot fish (Naucrates ductor (Linnaeus, 1758))

Chika- Smelt (Hypomesus japonicus (Brevoort, 1856))

Datsu-Pacific needlefish (Strongylura anastomella (Valenciennes, 1846))

Ebodai- Japanese butterfish

Etsu-Japanese grenadier anchovy (Coilia nasus Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)

Gingameaji-Big-eye trevally (Caranx sexfasciatus Quoy and Gaimard,1824)

Gomasaba- Spotted mackerel (Scomber australasicus Cuvier, 1832)

Hamadatsu-Flat needlefish (Ablennes hians (Valenciennes, 1846))

Hamo -Daggertooth pike conger

Hatahata - Japanese sandfish

Hira-Chinese herring, Slender Shad (Ilisha elongata (Anonymous,1830))

Hiiragi-Spotnape Ponyfish (Nuchequula nuchalis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1845))

Ikekatsuo-Doubledotted queenfish (Scomberoides lysan (Forsskål, 1775))

Indookiaji-Sixband brown jack (Uraspis uraspis (Günther, 1860))

Itohkiaji-Giliated threadfish (Alectis ciliaris (Bloch,1788))

Iwashi - Sardine

Kagishimanigisu-Smallmouth argentine (Argentina kagoshimae Jordan & Snyder, 1902)

Kaiwari - Whitefin trevally

Kamasu (Akakamasu)-Barracuda (Sphyraena pinguis Günther, 1874)

Karafutoshishamo - Capellin, Lodde (Mallotus villosus (Müller, 1776))

Kasugo (Chidai, Kidai)-Baby Red sea-bream (Crimson sea-bream, Eellowback sea-bream)

Kibinago - Banded blue-sprat (Spratelloides gracilis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846))

Kisu - Japanese whiting

Kobanaji-Smallspotted dart (Trachinotus baillonii (Lacepède,1802))

Kohada - Gizzard shad

Kuroajimodoki-Black pomfret (Parastromateus niger (Bloch,1795))

KurohiraajiBlue trevally (Carangoides ferdau (Forsskål, 1775))

Kusayamoro-Mackerel scad (Decapterus macarellus (Cuvier, 1833))

Kyuriuo - Arctic smelt (Osmerus dentex Steindachner & Kner, 1870)

Okiaji-White tongued crevalle (Uraspis helvola (Forster, 1801))

Okizayori-Hound needlefish (Tylosurus crocodilus subsp. crocodilus)

Mamakari (Sappa) - Big-eye sardine (Sardinella zunasi (Bleeker, 1854))

Maruaji - Amberfish

Maruhiraaji-Coastal trevally (Carangoides coeruleopinnatus
(Rüppell, 1830))

Marukoban-Snubnose pompano (Trachinotus blochii (Lacepède,1802))

Minamiikekatsuo-Needlescaled queenfish (Scomberoides tol (Cuvier, 1832))

Moro-Cherootfish (Decapterus macrosoma Bleeker, 1851)

Muroaji - Amberstripe scad (Decapterus muroadsi (Temminck and Schlegel, 1844))

Nigisu - Deep-sea smelt (Glossanodon semifasciatus (Kishinouye, 1904))

Nishin - Pacific herring (Clupea pallasii Valenciennes, 1847)

Okihiiragi-Offshore ponyfish (Equulites rivulatus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1845))

Saba - Pacific mackerel

Sanma - Pacific saury

Sayori - Halfbeak

Seitakahiragi-Common ponyfish (Leiognathus equulus (Forsskål,1775))

Shinko - Baby Gizzard shad

Shirogisu-Japanese whiting (Sillago japonica Temminck & Schlegel, 1843)

Shishamo - Smelt, Shishamo smelt (Spirinchus lanceolatus (Hikita, 1913))

Sprat- European sprat (Sprattus sprattus (Linnaeus, 1758))

Tachiuo-Largehead hairtail , Cutlassfish, Scabbardfish (Trichiurus lepturus Linnaeus, 1758)

Taiseiyousaba-Atlantic mackerel (Scomber scombrus Linnaeus, 1758)

Tenjikuaji-Coachwhip trevally (Carangichthys oblongus (Cuvier, 1833))

Tenjikudatsu-Black-finned longtom (Tylosurus acus subsp. melanotus (Bleeker, 1850))

Tobiuo - Japanese flyingfish (Cypselurus agoo (Temminck and Schlegel, 1846))

Yoroiaji-Longfin trevally (Atropus armatus (Forsskål 1775))

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Revision date: May 21, 2024

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List of White flesh fish (Shiromi)


a photo of Shiromi
Because shiromi has few peculiarities, it is an ingredient that can be easily arranged in a variety of cooking methods, flavors, and combinations with ingredients.

The first item recommended to taste is white-flesh fish. Because of its subtle flavor, it doesn’t influence the following topping. Serving it for the very first piece of sushi is a standard move. However, absolute umami in the lightness can be taken as the details Japanese love and no other sushi toppings can offer.

Shiromi refers to white-colored fish meat. The fat content in Shiromi is generally low at about 1.2% in flounder and 4.7% in sea bream. Almost all white fish have a subtle and elegant taste. Furthermore, the rigor mortis takes over slowly and lasts for a long time, so it maintains the crunchy texture longer. Unlike Akami, the Shiromi fish don’t really migrate. You can call yourself a sushi expert if you’re able to recognize which fish it is just by looking at the cut.

Contrary to appearance, Salmon is classified as Shiromi. The salmon is originally grey, and the pink color comes from the pigments of the shrimp and crab on which it preys. We also think that Buri and Shima aji meat looks more beige than white. To be more specific, these are classified as Iromono, but there are relatively few chefs who actually know this term so we will refer to them as Shiromi. Once you’re able to speak knowledgeably on Shiromi, you’ll be a true Sushi Foodie.

What you should keep in mind is that most Shiromi fish used at sushi restaurants is sold as live fish. The broker implements Ikejime according to the instructions of the purchasing shop and then it is delivered. Basically, the chef calculates backward from the time he will make the sushi, aiming to maximize the umami. Furthermore, the price is at least 50% higher, considering the cost to transport from the fishing port to Toyosu Market, etc. This is one of the reasons Shiromi is so expensive at sushi restaurants.

Of course, only white fish that can be used for nigiri sushi is listed. Many varieties of Fugu exist, but with the exception of Torafugu (Japanese puffer fish), they are mainly used in conveyor belt sushi.

*Japanese terms will be italicized on sushi ingredients page. Parentheses after the English name indicate the scientific name.

<Shiromi-White flesh fish>

Aburabouzu-Skilfish (Erilepis zonifer (Lockington, 1880))

Aburagarei-Kamchatka flounder, Arrow-toothed halibut

Aburatsunozame-North pacific Spiny dogfish (Squalus suckleyi (Girard, 1855))

Aigo-Mottled spinefoot (Siganus fuscescens (Houttuyn, 1782))

Aikajika-Intermediate staghorn sculpin (Gymnocanthus intermedius (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843))

Ainame-Green ling (Hexagrammos otakii Jordan & Starks, 1895)

Akadonko-(Ebinania vermiculata Sakamoto, 1932)

AkaeiRed stingray (Hemitrygon akajei (Müller & Henle, 1841))

Akahata-Blacktip grouper

AkahazePinkgray goby (Amblychaeturichthys hexanema (Bleeker, 1853))

Akaisaki-Schlegel red bass (Caprodon schlegelii (Günther, 1859))

Akakasago-Red deepwater scorpionfish (Lythrichthys eulabes Jordan and Starks 1904)

Akamanbo (Mandai)-Sunfish (Lampris megalopsis Underkoffler, Luers, Hyde and Craig, 2018)

Akame-Japanese lates (Lates japonicus Katayama & Taki, 1984)

Akamemodoki-Waigieu seaperch (Psammoperca waigiensis (Cuvier, 1828))

Akamebaru-Rockfish (Sebastes inermis Cuvier,1829)

Akamefugu-Globefish, Blowfish, Puffer

Akamekasago-Yellowbarred red rockfish

Akanekintoki-Bloch’s bigeye (Priacanthus blochii Bleeker, 1853)

Akatanago-(Ditrema jordani Franz, 1910)

AkatoragisuYellowbanded red weever (Parapercis aurantiaca Döderlein, 1884)

Akauo (Arasukamenuke)-Pacific ocean perch (Sebastes alutus (Gilbert, 1890))

Akayagara-Redcornetfish (Fistularia petimba Lacepède, 1803)

Akodai-Matsubara’s red rockfish

Aobadai-Deepsea jewfish (Glaucosoma buergeri Richardson, 1845)

Aochibiki-Green jobfish (Aprion virescens Valenciennes,1830)

Aodai-Blue fusilier

Aomeeso-Big-eyed greeneye (Chlorophthalmus albatrossis Jordan & Starks, 1904)

Aomishima-Bluespotted stargazer (Xenocephalus elongatus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843))

Aotanago-(Ditrema viride Oshima, 1940)

Aoyagara-Bluespotted cornetfish (Fistularia commersonii Rüppell, 1838)

Amadai-Horsehead tilefish

Amamiushinoshita-(Brachirus aspilos (Bleeker, 1852))

Amemasu-White spotted Char (Salvelinus leucomaenis (Pallas, 1814))

Amerikanamazu-Channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus (Rafinesque, 1818))

Amimongara-Rough Triggerfish, Ocean triggerfish (Canthidermis maculata (Bloch, 1786))


Arameginme-Berndt’s beardfish (Polymixia berndti Gilbert, 1905)

Arasukamenuke-Pacific ocean perch (Sebastes alutus (Gilbert, 1890))

Arotsunasu-Slender tuna (Allothunnus fallaii Serventy, 1948)

Ayamekasago-Yellowbarred red rockfish (Sebastiscus albofasciatus (Lacepède,1802))

Ayu-Sweetfish (Plecoglossus altivelis altivelis (Temminck and Schlegel, 1846))

Azukihata-Slender grouper

Baitoredfish-Bight redfish  (Centroberyx gerrardi (Günther, 1887))

Bakeakamutsu-Randall’s snapper (Randallichthys filamentosus (Fourmanoir, 1970))

Bakemutsu-(Verilus pacificus (Mochizuki, 1979))

Bebizake-Red salmon

Benimatoudai-(Parazen pacificus Kamohara, 1935)

Beniteguri-Red dragonet (Foetorepus altivelis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1845))

Biwamasu-Biwa trout

Bora-Flathead gray mullet (Mugil cephalus cephalus Linnaeus,1758)

Bouzuginpo-Prowfish (Zaprora silenus Jordan, 1896)

Budai-Japanese parrotfish (Calotomus japonicus (Valenciennes, 1840))

Burakkubasu (Ookuchibasu)-Black bass (Micropterus salmoides (Lacepède,1802))

Buri-Japanese amberjack

Chairomaruhata-Brown-spotted grouper (Epinephelus coioides (Hamilton, 1822))

Chikamekintoki-Longfinned bullseye (Cookeolus japonicus (Cuvier, 1829))

Chigodara-Japanese codling (Physiculus japonicus Hilgendorf, 1879)

Chousenbakama-Banjofish (Banjos banjos banjos (Richardson, 1846))

Comonfugu-Globefish, Blowfish, Puffer

Dokuurokoibodai-Smalleye squaretail (Tetragonurus cuvieri Risso, 1810)

Ebotai (Ibodai)-Butterfish, Pacific rudderfish, Melon seed (Psenopsis anomala (Temminck and Schlegel, 1844))

Ebisudai-Japanese soldierfish (Ostichthys japonicus (Cuvier,1829))

Engawa-Thin muscle of the dorsal fin of Japanese flounder, Marbled sole, etc.

Enmagochi-Crocodile fish (Cymbacephalus beauforti (Knapp, 1973))

Ezoisoainame-Brown hakeling (Physiculus maximowiczi (Herzenstein, 1896))

Ezo Iwana-White-spotted Char (Salvelinus leucomaenis (Pallas, 1814))

Ezokusauo-Agassiz’s snailfish (Liparis agassizii Putnam, 1874)

Fedai -Red snapper, Starsnapper

Fugu (Torafugu)-Globefish, Blowfish, Puffer

Fusenkinme-(Beryx mollis Abe, 1959)

Ganko-Spinyhead sculpin (Dasycottus setiger Bean, 1890)

Genko-Mottled tonguefish (Cynoglossus interruptus Günther, 1880)

Gima-Short nosed tripod fish (Triacanthus biaculeatus (Bloch, 1786))

Ginhirasu-Silver warehou (Seriolella punctata (Forster, 1801))

Ginkagami-Razor moonfish (Mene maculata (Bloch & Schneider, 1801))

Ginmutus (Mazeranainame)-Mero, Patagonian toothfish (Dissostichus eleginoides Smith)

Ginmutus (Raigyodamashi)-Mero, Antarctic toothfish (Dissostichus mawsoni Norman)

Ginzake-Silver salmon

Gisu-Deepsea bonefish (Pterothrissus gissu Hilgendorf, 1877)

Gogi-(Salvelinus leucomaenis imbrius (Jordan and McGregor,1925))

Gomaaigo-Orange-spotted spinefoot (Siganus guttatus (Bloch, 1787))

Gomafugu-Globefish, Blowfish, Puffer

Gomatenguhagimodoki-Spotted unicornfish (Naso maculatus Randall & Struhsaker, 1981)

Gonzui-Striped eel catfish (Plotosus japonicus Yoshino & Kishimoto, 2008)

Hachibiki-Japanese rubyfish (Erythrocles schlegelii (Richardson, 1846))

Hachijoakamutsu-Deep-water red snapper (Etelis carbunculus Cuvier, 1828)

Hakkaku (Tokubire)-Sailfin poacher (Podothecus sachi (Jordan and Snyder, 1901))

Hakofugu-Black-spotted boxfish

Hamadai (Onaga)-Deepwater longtail red snapper (Etelis coruscans Valenciennes,1862)

Hamafuefukidai (Taman)-Spangled emperor (Lethrinus nebulosus (Forsskål, 1775))

Haokoze-Redfin velvetfish (Hypodytes rubripinnis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843))

Harisenbon-Longspined porcupinefish

Hashikinme-Big Roughy (Gephyroberyx darwinii (Johnson, 1866))

Hawaichibiki-Golden kali kali (Erythrocles scintillans (Jordan & Thompson, 1912))

Hedai-Goldlined seabream (Rhabdosargus sarba (Forsskål, 1775))

Herayagara-Chinese trumpetfish (Aulostomus chinensis (Linnaeus, 1766))

Higanfugu-Globefish, Blowfish, Puffer

HigedaiLong barbeled grunter (Hapalogenys sennin Iwatsuki & Nakabo, 2005)

Higesoridai-Short barbeled velvetchin (Hapalogenys nigripinnis (Schlegel in Temminck and Schlegel,1843))

Hime-Japanese aulopus (Hime japonica (Günther, 1877))

HimeaigoBarhead spinefoot (Siganus virgatus (Valenciennes, 1835))

Himekonnayakuuo-(Careproctus rotundifrons Sakurai & Shinohara, 2008)

Himedai-Lavender jobfish

Himefuedai-Humpback red snapper (Lutjanus gibbus (Forsskål, 1775))

Himeji-Bensasi goatfish (Upeneus japonicus (Houttuyn, 1782))

Himeokoze-Grey stingfish (Minous monodactylus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801))


Hirame-Japanese flounder (Olive flounder)

Hirasuzuki-Blackfin seabass (Lateolabrax latus Katayama, 1957)

HirejiromanzaiuoSickle pomfret (Taractichthys steindachneri (Döderlein, 1883))

Hishidai-Deepbody boarfish (Antigonia capros Lowe, 1843)

Hitozuraharisenbon-Black-blotched porcupinefish

Hiuchidai-Western Pacific roughy (Hoplostethus japonicus Hilgendorf, 1879)

Hoakakuchibi- Spotcheek emperor (Lethrinus rubrioperculatus Sato, 1978)

Hoki-Blue haki, Blue grenadier, Whiptail (Macruronus novaezelandiae (Hector, 1871))

Hokke-Okhotsk atka mackerel (Hipposcarus longiceps (Valenciennes, 1840))

Horaihimeji-Whitesaddle goatfish (Parupeneus ciliatus (Lacepède, 1802))

HoshieiShort-tail stingray (Bathytoshia brevicaudata (Hutton, 1875))

Hoshigarei-Spotted halibut (Verasper variegatus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846))

Hoshirenko-Hoshierenko (Cheimerius matsubarai Akazaki, 1962)

HoshizameStarspotted smooth-hound (Mustelus manazo Bleeker, 1855)

Hotarujako-Lanternbelly (Acropoma japonicum Günther, 1859)

Hoteiuo-Smooth lumpsucker (Aptocyclus ventricosus (Pallas, 1769))

Houbou-Bluefin searobin, Red gurnard (Chelidonichthys spinosus (McClelland, 1844))

Houkihata-Broom grouper

Housenkintoki-Lunar-tailed bigeye (Priacanthus hamrur (Forsskål, 1775))

Hyugakasago-Raggy scorpionfish (Scorpaenopsis venosa (Cuvier, 1829))

Isagobikunin-Okhotsk snailfish (Liparis ochotensis Schmidt, 1904)

Ibarahige-Pacific grenadier (Coryphaenoides acrolepis (Bean, 1884))

Ichimonjihige-Kamohara grenadier (Coelorinchus kamoharai Matsubara, 1943)

Ikanago-Pacific sand lance

Inada-Japanese amberjack (30〜40cm)

Inugochi-Dragon poacher (Percis japonica (Pallas, 1769))

Inunoshita-Robust tonguefish (Cynoglossus robustus Günther, 1873)

Ira-Wrasse, Tuskfish (Choerodon azurio (Jordan and Snyder, 1901))

Isaki-Striped pigfish

Ishidai-Barred knifejaw (Oplegnathus fasciatus (Temminck and Schlegel,1844))

Ishigakidai-Spotted knifejaw (Oplegnathus punctatus (Temminck and Schlegel, 1844))

Ishigakifugu-Spotfin burrfish

Ishigarei-Stone flounder (Platichthys bicoloratus (Basilewsky,1855))

Ishimochi (Shiroguchi)-Sliver croaker (Pennahia argentata (Houttuyn,1782 ))

Isofuefuki (Kuchinaji)-Pacific yellowtail emperor (Lethrinus atkinsoni Seale, 1910)

Isuzumi-Waigeu drummer (Kyphosus vaigiensis (Quoy and Gaimard))

Itachiuo-Bearded cuskeel, Goatsbeard brotula (Brotula multibarbata Temminck & Schlegel, 1846)

Itou-Sakhalin taimen (Hucho perryi (Brevoort, 1856))

Itoyoridai-Golden threadfin bream (Nemipterus virgatus (Houttuyn, 1782))

Izuhanadai-(Plectranthias kamii Randall, 1980)

Izukasago-Scorpionfish (Scorpaena neglecta Temminck and Schlegel,1843)

Izumidai (Chika)-Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus,1766))

Kagamidai (Ginmatou)-John dorey, Mirror dory (Zenopsis nebulosa (Temminck and Schlegel, 1846))

Kagokakidai-Footballer (Microcanthus strigatus (Cuvier, 1831))

Kagokamasu-Royal escolar (Rexea prometheoides (Bleeker, 1856))

Kagomatoudai-Pink Dory, Red Dory, Rosy Dory (Cyttopsis rosea (Lowe, 1843))

Kaiwari-Whitefin trevally, Horse kingfish (Kaiwarinus equula (Temminck and Schlegel, 1844))

Kajika-Japanese sculpin

Kanafugu-Smooth Blaasop

Kanagashira-Searobin (Lepidotrigla microptera Günther, 1873)

Kanpachi-Greater amberjack

Kantengenge-Jelly eelpout (Bothrocara tanakae (Jordan & Hubbs, 1925))

Karafutomasu-Pink salmon

Karasu (Gatoro)-(Takifugu chinensis (Abe, 1949))

Karasugarei-Greenland halibut

Kasago-Marbled rockfish (Sebastiscus marmoratus (Cuvier, 1829))

KawabishaBoarfish (Histiopterus typus Temminck & Schlegel, 1844)

Kawahagi-Filefish (Stephanolepis cirrhifer (Temminck & Schlegel, 1850))

Keiji-Chum salmon, Dog salmon, Keta salmon

Kemushikajika-Shaggy sea raven (Hemitripterus villosus (Pallas, 1814))

Kibirekawahagi-Modest filefish (Thamnaconus modestoides (Barnard, 1927))

Kichinu (Kibire)-Yellowfin sea-bream

Kidai (Renkodai)-Yellowback seabream (Dentex hypselosomus Bleeker, 1854)

Kijihata (Akou)-Redspotted Grouper

Kingklip-Pink cusk-eel (Genypterus blacodes  (Forster, 1801))

Kinki (Kichiji)-Thornhead (Sebastolobus macrochir (Günther, 1877))

Kinmedamashi-Flathead alfonsino (Centroberyx druzhinini (Busakhin, 1981))

Kinmedai-Splendid alfonsino (Beryx splendens Lowe,1834)

Kintokidai-Red bigeye (Priacanthus macracanthus Cuvier,1829)

Kiraraginme-Beardfish (Polymixia longispina Deng, Xiong & Zhan, 1983)

Kitanohokke-Atka mackerel (Pleurogrammus monopterygius (Pallas, 1810))

Kitenhata-Duskytail grouper, Bleeker’s grouper (Epinephelus bleekeri (Vaillant,1878))

Kitsunebudai-Long Nosed Parrotfish (Hipposcarus longiceps (Valenciennes, 1840))

Kitsunemebaru (Mazoi)-Fox jacopever (Sebastes vulpes Döderlein, 1884)

Kobanzame-Live sharksucker (Echeneis naucrates (Linnaeus,1758))

Kobudai-Bulgyhead wrasse (Semicossyphus reticulatus (Valenciennes, 1839))

Kobushikajika-Bartail sculpin (Malacocottus zonurus Bean, 1890)

Kochi (Magochi)-Bartail flathead (Platycephalus sp.2)

Kokebirame (Amigarei)-Branched ray flounder (Citharoides macrolepidotus Hubbs, 1915)

KomonsakatazameRingstreaked guitarfish (Rhinobatos hynnicephalus Richardson, 1846)

Korodai-Painted sweetlip (Diagramma picta (Thunberg,1792))

Koshodai-Crescent sweetlips (Plectorhinchus cinctus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843))

Kouraiakashitabirame-Three-lined tongue sole (Cynoglossus abbreviatus (Gray, 1834))

Kue-Longtooth grouper (Epinephelus bruneus Bloch, 1793)

Kurakaketoragisu-Grub fish (Parapercis sexfasciata (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843))

Kurodai (Chinu)-Blackhead seabream

Kuroguchi-Blackmouth croaker (Atrobucca nibe (Jordan & Thompson, 1911))

Kurokoban-Spearfish remora (Remora brachyptera (Lowe, 1839))

Kurokoshodai-Harry hotlips (Plectorhinchus gibbosus (Lacepède, 1802))

Kuromebaru-Brown rockfish (Sebastes ventricosus Temminck and Schlegel,1843)

Kuromejina-Smallscale blackfish (Girella leonina (Richardson,1846))

Kurosabafugu-Dark rough-backed puffer

Kurosagi-Black-tipped silverbiddy (Gerres equulus Temminck and Schlegel, 1844)

Kuroshibikamasu-Bermuda catfish (Promethichthys prometheus (Cuvier, 1832))

Kurosoi-Black rockfish, Schlegel’s rockfish (Sebastes schlegelii Hilgendorf, 1880)

KurotachikamasuSnake Mackerel (Gempylus serpens Cuvier, 1829)

Kurumadai-Japanese bigeye (Pristigenys niphonia (Cuvier,1829))

Kusafugu-Globefish, Blowfish, Puffer

Kusakaritsubodai-Slender armorhead (Pentaceros wheeleri (Hardy, 1983))

Kusauo-Tanaka’s snailfish (Liparis tanakae (Gilbert & Burke, 1912))

Kiushuhige-(Coelorinchus jordani Smith & Pope, 1906)

Kyuusen-Wrasse, Multicolorfin rainbowfish (Parajulis poecilepterus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1845))

MadaratobieiSpotted eagle ray (Aetobatus narinari (Euphrasen, 1790))

Maeso-Brushtooth lizardfish (Saurida macrolepis Tanaka, 1917)

Mafugu-Globefish, Blowfish, Puffer, Purple puffer (Takifugu porphyreus (Temminck and Schlegel, 1850))

Mahata (Hata)-Grouper, Rock-cod, Seven band grouper (Hyporthodus septemfasciatus (Thunberg 1793))

Mahaze-Spiny goby, Yellowfin goby (Acanthogobius flavimanus (Temminck and Schlegel, 1845))

Mahi-mahi (Shiira)-Common dolphinfish

Majeranainame-Patagonian Toothfish (Dissostichus eleginoides Smitt, 1898)

Makogarei-Marbled sole

Managatsuo-Silver pomfret (Pampus punctatissimus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1845))

Manbo-Ocean sunfish (Mola mola (Linnaeus, 1758))

Maruaomeeso-Bigeyed greeneye (Chlorophthalmus borealis Kuronuma & Yamaguchi, 1941)

Maruhiuchidai-Slimehead (Hoplostethus crassispinus Kotlyar, 1980)

Masunosuke-King salmon (Oncorhynchus tschawytscha (Walbaum, 1792))

Matanago-(Ditrema temminckii Bleeker, 1853)

Matoudai-John dory (Zeus faber Linnaeus, 1758)

Matsudai-Atlantic tripletail (Lobotes surinamensis (Bloch, 1790))

Matsukasauo-Japanese pineapplefish (Monocentris japonica (Houttuyn, 1782))

Matsukawagarei (Matsukawa)-Barfin flounder (Verasper moseri Jordan & Gilbert, 1898)


Medai-Japanese butterfish

Meganekasube-Mottled skate (Beringraja pulchra (Liu, 1932))

Meganemochinouo-Humphead wrasse (Cheilinus undulatus Rüppell, 1835)

Megochi-Bigeyed flathead

Mehikari-Bigeyed greeneye (Chlorophthalmus albatrossis Jordan & Starks, 1904)

Meichidai-Nakedhead (Gymnocranius griseus (Temminck and Schlegel, 1844))

Meitagarei-Finespotted flounder, Ridged-eye flounder

Mejika-Chum salmon, Dog salmon, Keta salmon

Mejina-Largescale blackish, Greeenfish, Nibbler, Rudderfish (Girella punctata Gray, 1835)

Merurusa (New Zealand heiku)-Southern haku, Haku, whiting (Merluccius australis  (Hutton, 1872))

MenadaSo-iuy mullet (Planiliza haematocheila (Temminck & Schlegel, 1845))

Miehatanp-(Pempheris nyctereutes Jordan & Evermann, 1902)

Migimaki-Redlip morwong (Cheilodactylus zebra Döderlein, 1883)

Miharahanadai-Mihara sea bass (Giganthias immaculatus Katayama, 1954)

Mikazukitsubameuo-Golden spadefish (Platax boersii Bleeker, 1853)

Mimitogeonikasago-Poss’s scorpionfish (Scorpaenopsis possi Randall & Eschmeyer, 2001)

Minamakurumadai-Blackfringe Bigeye (Pristigenys refulgens (Valenciennes, 1862))

Minamaosuzuki-Hapuku wreckfish (Polyprion oxygeneios (Schneider & Forster))

Minamihatanpo-Black-stripe sweeper (Pempheris schwenkii Bleeker, 1855)

Minamikintoki-Arrowfin bigeye (Priacanthus sagittarius Starnes, 1988)

Minamikurosagi-Common silver-biddy (Gerres oyena (Forsskål, 1775))

MinokasagoButterfly fish,  Lion fish (Pterois lunulata Temminck and Schlegel,  1844)

Mishimaokoze-Japanese stargazer (Uranoscopus japonicus Houttuyn, 1782)

Mutsu-Japanese bluefish

Mutsugoro-Great blue spotted mudskipper (Boleophthalmus pectinirostris (Linnaeus, 1758))

Nagamenuke-Light dusky rockfish (Sebastes (Sebastes) variabilis (Pallas, 1814))

Nagaoomehata-Splendid seabass (Malakichthys elegans Matsubara & Yamaguti, 1943)

Nagatachikamasu-Blacksail snake mackerel (Thyrsitoides marleyi Fowler, 1929)

Nametagarei (Babagarei)-Slime flounder

Nanyokinme-Alfonsino (Beryx decadactylus Cuvier, 1829)

Nashifugu-Purple puffer (Takifugu vermicularis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1850))

Narutobiei-Naru eagle ray (Aetobatus narutobiei White, Furumitsu & Yamaguchi, 2013)

Nezumifugu-Spot-fin porcupinefish

Nezumigochi (Megochi)-Richardson’s dragonet

Nezumizame (Moukazame)-Salmon shark (Lamna ditropis Hubbs & Follett, 1947)

Nibe-Honnibe croaker (Nibea mitsukurii (Jordan and Snyder, 1900))

Nijikajika-Oblong elkhorn sculpin (Alcichthys elongatus (Steindachner, 1881))

Nijimasu-Rainbow trout

Nikko Iwana-(Salvelinus leucomaenis pluvius (Hilgendorf, 1876))

Niseokikasago-Fedorov’s rosefish (Helicolenus fedorovi Barsukov, 1973)

Nizadai-Scalpel sawtail (Prionurus scalprum Valenciennes, 1835)

Nodoguro (Akamutsu)-Blackthroat seaperch

Norogenge-Porous-head eelpout (Bothrocara hollandi (Jordan & Hubbs, 1925))

Numagarei-Starry Flounder (Platichthys stellatus (Pallas, 1787))

Ohyô-Pacific halibut (Hippoglossus stenolepis Schmidt, 1904)

Ojisan-Manybar goatfish (Parupeneus multifasciatus (Quoy & Gaimard, 1825))

Okamuraginme-Beardfish (Polymixia sazonovi Kotlyar, 1992)

Okikasago-Minor rosefish (Helicolenus avius Abe & Eschmeyer, 1972)

Okinawakurumadai-(Pristigenys meyeri (Günther,1872))

Okimebaru- Goldeye rockfish

Okimedai-Black fathead (Cubiceps baxteri McCulloch, 1923)

Okinahimeji-Blackspot goatfish (Parupeneus spilurus (Bleeker, 1854))

Okinamejina- (Girella mezina Jordan & Starks, 1907)

Okitoragisu-Gold-birdled sandsmelt (Parapercis multifasciata Döderlein, 1884)

Okoze (Oniokoze)-Devil stinger (Inimicus japonicus (Cuvier, 1829))

Ookamiuo-Bering wolffish (Anarhichas orientalis Pallas, 1814)

Ookuchihamadai-Pale ruby snapper (Etelis radiosus Anderson, 1981)

Oomehata-Silvergray seaperch (Malakichthys griseus Döderlein, 1883)

Oomematoudai-Warty oreodory (Allocyttus verrucosus (Gilchrist,1906))

Oonibe-Japanese meagre (Argyrosomus japonicus (Temminck and Schlegel, 1844))

Oourumakasago-Tasseled scorpionfish (Scorpaenopsis oxycephala (Bleeker, 1849))

Onidarumaokoze-Reef stonefish (Synanceia verrucosa Bloch & Schneider, 1801)

Onihige-Ogre grenadier (Coelorinchus gilberti Jordan & Hubbs, 1925)

Onikajika-Antlered sculpin (Enophrys diceraus (Pallas, 1787))

Onikasago-Hairy stingfish (Scorpaenopsis cirrhosa (Thunberg, 1793))

Onisokohoubou-Antrorse spined gurnard (Pterygotrigla multiocellata (Matsubara, 1937))

Peherei-(Odontesthes bonariensis (Valenciennes, 1835))

Raigyodamashi-Antarctic Toothfish (Dissostichus mawsoni Norman, 1937)

Ribonkasube-Duskypink Skate (Bathyraja diplotaenia (Ishiyama, 1952))

Rousokuchibiki-Golden redbait (Emmelichthys struhsakeri Heemstra & Randall, 1977)

Saburo-Iburi poacher (Occella iburia (Jordan & Starks, 1904))

Sagamisokodara-Serratespike grwnadier (Ventrifossa garmani (Jordan & Gilbert, 1904))

Sakatazame-Brown guitarfish (Rhinobatos schlegelii Müller & Henle, 1841)

Sake -Salmon

Sakebikunin-Salmon snailfish (Careproctus rastrinus Gilbert & Burke, 1912)

Sakegashira-Slender ribbonfish (Trachipterus ishikawae Jordan & Snyder, 1901)

Sakuramasu -Cherry salmon (Oncorhynchus masou subsp. masou)

Salmon trout -(Artificially created rainbow trout varieties)

Samegarei -Roughscale sole, Roughscale flounder (Clidoderma asperrimum (Temminck and Schlegel, 1846))

Sasaushinoshita-Bamboo sole (Heteromycteris japonicus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846))

Satsuomishima-Spotcheck stargazer (Ichthyscopus pollicaris Vilasri, Ho, Kawai & Gomon, 2019)

Sawara-Japanese spanish mackerel (Scomberomorus niphonius (Cuvier, 1832))

Sennendai-Enperor red snapper (Lutjanus sebae (Cuvier, 1816))

Setodai-Broadbanded velvetchin (Hapalogenys analis Richardson, 1845)

Setoushinoshita-Wavyband sole (Pseudaesopia japonica (Bleeker, 1860))

Shichirouo-Longsnout poacher (Brachyopsis segaliensis (Tilesius, 1809))

Shiira-Common dolphinfish (Coryphaena hippurus Linnaeus, 1758)

Shima aji-Crevalle jack (Trevally)

Shimafugu-Striped puffer

Shimagatsuo-Bigtooth pomfret (Brama japonica Hilgendorf, 1878)

Shimaisaki-Sharpbeak terapon (Rhynchopelates oxyrhynchus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1842))

Shimaushinoshita-Zebra sole (Zebrias zebrinus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846))

Shinshu salmon-(A crossbreed between a male brown trout and a female rainbow trout)


Shirogenge-Longsnout eelpout (Bothrocara molle Bean, 1890)

Shirohirasu-White warehou (Seriolella caerulea Guichenot, 1848)

Shirokasago-Channeled rockfish (Setarches guentheri Johnson, 1862)

Shirokurabera (Makubu)-Blackspot tuskfish

Shiromebaru-Rockfish (Sebastes cheni Barsukov,1988)

Shirosabafugu (Sabafugu)-Half-smooth golden pufferfish

Shirosuzuki -Nile perch (Lates niloticus (Linnaeus))

Shirozake (Shake)-Chum salmon

ShirozameSpotless smooth-hound (Mustelus griseus Pietschmann, 1908)

Shosaifugu-Globefish, Blowfish, Puffer

Sokoamadai-Short-tail bandfish (Owstonia totomiensis Tanaka, 1908)

Sokoamadaimodoki-White-edged jawfish (Owstonia japonica Kamohara, 1935)

Sokohoubou-Blackspotted gurnard (Pterygotrigla hemisticta (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843))

Sokogangiei-Raspback skate (Bathyraja bergi Dolganov, 1983)

Sokoitoyoridai-Yellowbelly threadfin bream (Nemipterus bathybius Snyder, 1911)

Sugi-Cobia (Rachycentron canadum (Linnaeus, 1766))

Sujiara-Leopard coralgrouper

Sumikuiuo-Blackmouth splitfin (Synagrops japonicus (Döderlein, 1883))

Sunagarei-Longsnout flounder (Limanda punctatissima (Steindachner, 1879))

Suzuki-Japanese seaperch

Suzumedai-Pearl-spot chromis (Chromis notatus notatus (Temminck and Schlegel))

Tai (Madai)-Red seabream (Pagrus major (Temminck and Schlegel, 1844))

Taiseiyosake-Atlantic salmon

Takanohadai-Spottedtail morwong (Cheilodactylus zonatus Cuvier, 1830)

Takasago (Gurukun)-Black-tip fusilier (Pterocaesio digramma (Bleeker, 1864))

Tamaganzoubirame-Fivespot flounder (Pseudorhombus pentophthalmus Günther, 186)

TamagashiraMonocle-bream,  Redbelt monocle-bream (Parascolopsis inermis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1843))

Tamakai-Giant grouper (Epinephelus lanceolatus (Bloch, 1790))

Tamameichi-Blacknape large-eye bream (Gymnocranius satoi Brosa, Béarez, Paijo and Chen, 2013)

Tanakagenge-Tanaka’s eelpout (Lycodes tanakae Jordan & Thompson, 1914)

Tara (Madara)-Pacific cod (Gadus macrocephalus Tilesius, 1810)

Tengudai-Striped boarfish (Evistias acutirostris (Temminck and Schlegel, 1844))

Tengunotachi-Unicorn Crestfish (Eumecichthys fiski (Günther, 1890))

Tenjikutachi-Common hairtail (Trichiurus sp2)

Tenjikudai-Cardinal fish (Jaydia lineata (Temminck & Schlegel, 1842))

Tobiei-Cowhead eagle ray, Japanese eagle ray (Myliobatis tobijei Bleeker, 1854)

Tobinumeri-(Repomucenus beniteguri (Jordan and Snyder, 1900))

TokageesoLizardfish (Saurida elongata (Temminck & Schlegel, 1846))

Tokishiazu (Toki)-Chum salmon, Dog salmon, Keta salmon

Tomomehikari-Humpback greeneye (Chlorophthalmus acutifrons Hiyama, 1940)

Tonboinugochi-(Percis matsuii Matsubara, 1936)

Torafugu-Japanese pufferfish (Takifugu rubripes (Temminck and Schlegel, 1850))

Toujin-Hardhead grenadier (Coelorinchus japonicus (Temminck and Schlegel, 1846))

Tsubamekonoshiro-Striped threadfin (Polydactylus plebeius (Broussonet, 1782))

Tsubameuo-Teira batfish (Platax teira (Forsskål, 1775))

Tsumaguroaomeeso-Blackedge greeneye (Chlorophthalmus nigromarginatus Kamohara, 1953)

Tsumagurokajika-Blackedged sculpin (Gymnocanthus herzensteini Jordan & Starks, 1904)

Tsumuburi-Rainbow runner

Tsrugiechiopia-Keeltail pomfret (Taractes rubescens (Jordan & Evermann, 1887))

Ukkarikasago- (Sebastiscus tertius Barsukov and Chen, 1978)

Umazurahagi-Leatherfish (Thamnaconus modestus (Gunther,1877))

Umeiro-Yellowtail blue snapper

Umeiromodoki-Yellow and blueback fusilier

Umihigoi-Yellow-threaded  goatfish  (Parupeneus chrysonemus (Jordan & Evermann1903))

Umitanago-Temminck’s surf perch (Ditrema temminckii subsp. temminckii)

Urohaze-(Glossogobius olivaceus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1845))

Urokogarei-Scale-eyed flounder (Lepidoblepharon ophthalmolepis Weber, 1913)

Usubahagi-Unicorn leatherjacket filefish (Semicossyphus reticulatus (Valenciennes, 1839))

Usumebaru-Goldeye rockfish (Sebastes thompsoni (Jordan and Hubbs, 1925))

Utsubo-Brutal moray (Gymnothorax kidako (Temminck and Schlegel, 1847))

Wakiyahata-Silverbelly seaperch (Malakichthys wakiyae Jordan & Hubbs, 1925)

Wanieso-Wanieso lizardfish (Saurida wanieso Shindo & Yamada, 1972)

Wanigochi-Bartail flathead (Inegocia ochiaii Imamura, 2010)

Warasubo-Rubicundus eelgoby (Odontamblyopus rubicundus (Hamilton, 1822))

Yaitohata-Malabar grouper (Epinephelus malabaricus (Bloch and Schneider,1801))

Yamato Iwana(Salvelinus leucomaenis japonicus (Oshima, 1938))

Yanagimebaru-Willow rockfish (Sebastes itinus (Jordan & Starks, 1904))

Yagishirikajika-Smoothcheek sculpin (Eurymen gyrinus Gilbert & Burke, 1912)

Yanagi-no-mai-Yellow body rockfish

Yanbarushimaaodai-Cocoa snapper (Paracaesio stonei Raj & Seeto, 1983)

YarimanboSharptail Mola (Masturus lanceolatus (Liénard, 1840))

Yarinumeri-Huguenin’s dragonet (Repomucenus huguenini (Bleeker, 1859))

Yokosujifuedai-Brownstripe red snapper (Lutjanus ophuysenii (Bleeker, 1860))

Yoritofugu-Blunthead puffer

Yoroiitatiuo (Higedara)-Armoured cusk

YukatahataCoral hind  (Cephalopholis miniata (Forsskål, 1775))

Yumekasago-Scorpionfish (Helicolenus hilgendorfi (Steindachner and Döderlein, 1884))

Yumetachimodoki-Tyrant fish (Evoxymetopon taeniatus Gill, 1863)

Yuudachitakanoha-Blackbarred morwong (Cheilodactylus quadricornis Günther, 1860)

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Revision date: May 23, 2024

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List of Red flesh fish (Akami)

Akami generally refers to red-colored meat like beef and fish meat. The typical Akami fish are tuna and bonito. Its fatty and rich taste gives you satisfaction like “This is the sushi”. The meat gets its red color from the high hemoglobin and myoglobin content specific to migratory fish. At a sushi restaurant, when you order Akami, you will be served tuna. The word Akami exists for tuna.

*Japanese terms will be italicized on sushi ingredients page.

<Akami-Red flesh fish>

Basho kajiki-Indo pacific sailfish (Istiophorus platypterus (Shaw, 1792))

Binnaga maguro-Albacore (Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre, 1788))

Gasutoro-Butterfly kingfish (Gasterochisma melampus Richardson,1845)

Hagatuo-Striped bonito (Sarda orientalis (Temminck and Schlegel, 1844))

Hirasouda-Frigate tuna (Auxis thazard thazard (Lacepède, 1800))

Hosogatsuo (Arotsunasu)-Slender tuna (Allothunnus fallaii Serventy, 1948)

Iso maguro-Dogtooth tuna, Scaleless tuna (Gymnosarda unicolor (Rüppell, 1838))

Katsuo-Bonito (Oceanic bonito, Striped tuna)

Kihada maguro-Yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre, 1788))

Kosinaga maguro- Longtail tuna (Thunnus tonggol (Bleeker, 1851))

Kurokawa kajiki (Kuro kajiki)-Indo pacific Blue marlin (Makaira nigricans Lacepède, 1802)

Maguro (Kuromaguro, Honmaguro, Shibi)-Bluefin tuna (Thunnus orientalis (Temminck and Schlegel,1844))

Makajiki-Striped marlin (Kajikia audax (Philippi, 1887))

Marusouda-Frigate mackerel (Auxis rochei subsp. rochei)

Mebachi maguro-Bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus (Lowe, 1839))

Mejimaguro (Meji)-Young bluefin tuna (Thunnus orientalis (Temminck and Schlegel,1844))

Mekajiki-Swordfish (Xiphias gladius Linnaeus, 1758)

Minami maguro (Indo maguro)-Southernbluefin tuna (Thunnus maccoyii (Castelnau, 1872))

Shirokawa kajiki (Shiro kajiki)-Black marlin (Istiompax indica (Cuvier, 1832))

Suma (Yaito-gatsuo)-Wavyback skipjack, Eastern little tuna (Euthynnus affinis (Cantor, 1849))

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Revision date: April 24, 2023

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